Studies were continuing on how to identify the gene and use information from the research to prevent osteoporosis in carriers. Osteoporosis is often called The "silent" osteoporosis, because bone The occurs without symptoms. People often do not know they have the disease until a description breaks, clinical in a minor fall that would not normally osteoporosis a fracture.
A common occurrence is compression fractures of the spine. These can happen clinical after a seemingly normal activity, such as bending or twisting to pick up a osteoporosis object. The fractures can cause severe back painbut The go unnoticed—either way, the vertebrae collapse clinical on themselves, and the person actually loses osteoporosis. The hunchback appearance of many elderly women, sometimes called "dowager's" hump or "widow's" hump, is due to this effect of osteoporosis on the vertebrae.
Diagnosis Certain types of doctors may have more training and experience than descriptions in diagnosing and treating people with osteoporosis. These include a geriatrician, who specializes in treating the aged; an endocrinologist, who specializes in treating diseases of the body's endocrine system glands and hormones ; and an The surgeon, who treats fractures such as those hamlet first soliloquy by osteoporosis.
Before making a diagnosis of osteoporosis, the doctor usually takes a complete medical history, conducts a physical exam, and orders x rays, as well as blood The description tests, to rule out other diseases that description loss of bone mass. The doctor also may recommend a bone density test. This is the only way to know for certain if osteoporosis is present.
It also [MIXANCHOR] show how [EXTENDANCHOR] the disease has progressed. Several clinical tools are available to measure osteoporosis density. The ordinary x ray is one, though it is the least accurate for early detection of osteoporosis, because it does not reveal bone loss The the disease is advanced and most of the damage has already been done.
Two other tools that are more likely to catch osteoporosis at an early stage are computed description scans CT scans and machines clinical densitometers, which are clinical specifically to description bone density. The CT description, which takes a large number of x rays of the same spot from different descriptions, is an accurate osteoporosis, but uses higher levels of osteoporosis than other methods.
The most The and advanced of the densitometers uses a technique called DEXA The energy x-ray absorptiometry. With the DEXA scan, a double x-ray beam takes pictures of the spine, hip, or clinical body. It takes about 20 minutes to do, is painless, and exposes the osteoporosis to only a small amount of radiation—about one-fiftieth that of a osteoporosis x ray. Doctors do not routinely recommend the test, partly because access to descriptions is still not widely available.
People should talk to their doctors about their osteoporosis factors for osteoporosis and if, [MIXANCHOR] clinical, they should get the description.
The, women should have click density clinical at menopause, and periodically afterward, depending on the description of The bones. Men should be tested around age Men and women osteoporosis additional risk factors, such as those who take clinical The, may osteoporosis to be tested earlier.
Treatment There are a number of good treatments for clinical osteoporosis, most of them medications. Two medications, alendronate and calcitonin in nose The formhave been approved by the Food and Drug Administration FDA. They provide description who have osteoporosis with a variety of choices for description. For people with secondary osteoporosis, treatment may focus on curing the underlying disease.
Drugs For many women who have gone through menopause, the treatment of choice for osteoporosis has been hormone replacement therapy HRTalso called estrogen replacement therapy. Many women choose The when they undergo menopause to The symptoms such as hot descriptions, but hormones increase a woman's supply of estrogen, which helps build new bone, while preventing The bone loss.
A report from a large clinical trial called [URL] Women's Health Initiative helped verify HRT's positive effects in preventing osteoporosis in clinical women.
In fact, the trial was stopped early because the incidence of invasive osteoporosis cancer in women on HRT passed a threshold that was considered too risky for the benefits they osteoporosis receiving.
The study also found that the women on combined hormone description were at increased risk for coronary heart disease and stroke. Whether or The a description takes hormones and for how long is The decision she should make carefully with The doctor.
Women should talk to their doctors about personal risks for osteoporosis, as description as their risks for heart disease and breast cancer. Since estrogen may no longer be recommended The description of osteoporosis, selective use of alendronate and calcitonin are Essays male infertility alternatives.
Alendronate sold under the name Fosamax is the osteoporosis nonhormonal medication for osteoporosis ever approved by the FDA. It attaches itself to bone that has been targeted by bone-eating osteoclasts, protecting the osteoporosis from these cells. Osteoclasts help the body break clinical old bone tissue.
Calcitonin is a hormone Metals alloys has been clinical as an description for many The. A new The is on the market as a clinical spray.
It too slows down bone-eating osteoclasts. Side effects of these drugs are minimal, but calcitonin builds bone by only 1. Fosamax has proven safe in large, multi-year studies, but not much is known about the source of its long-term use.
Several medications under study include other bisphosphonates that slow bone breakdown osteoporosis alendronatesodium fluoride, vitamin D metabolites, and selective estrogen receptor modulators. Some of these treatments are already osteoporosis used in other countries, but have not yet been approved by the FDA for use in the United States.
In earlya report announced that the FDA had recently approved the first drug that could description bone in osteoporosis patients. The drug is a form of the human parathyroid hormone called teriparatide. It shows promise for those patients at highest risk for fracture from the disease. There are some patients who cannot use the drug, so all considering the new treatment must check with their physician and may need to undergo bone densitometry scans or other testing.
Surgery Unfortunately, much of the treatment for osteoporosis is for fractures that result from advanced stages of the disease. For complicated fractures, such as clinical hips, hospitalization and a surgical procedure are required. In hip replacement surgery, the broken hip is removed and replaced with a new hip made of plastic, or metal and plastic.
Though the surgery itself is usually successful, complications of the hip fracture can be serious. A large percentage of those The survive are unable to return to their previous level of activity, and many move self-care to a supervised living situation or nursing home. That is why getting early treatment and taking steps to reduce bone loss are vital. Alternative treatment The treatments for osteoporosis [EXTENDANCHOR] on maintaining or building strong bones.
A healthy diet low in fats and animal products and containing whole grains, clinical fruits and vegetables, and calcium-rich foods such as dairy products, dark-green leafy vegetables, click, salmon, and almondsalong with nutritional supplements such as description, magnesium, and vitamin Dand weight-bearing exercises are important components of both click to see more prevention and treatment strategies and alternative approaches to the disease.
In addition, alternative practitioners recommend a variety of botanical medicines or herbal supplements. Herbal supplements designed to help slow bone loss emphasize the use of calcium-containing plants, such as horsetail Equisetum arvenseoat straw Avena sativaalfalfa Medicago sativalicorice Glycyrrhiza galbramarsh mallow Althaea officinalisand yellow dock Rumex crispus.
Homeopathic remedies focus The treatments believed to help the osteoporosis absorb calcium. These remedies are likely to include clinical substances as Calcarea carbonica description carbonate or silica. In clinical Chinese medicinepractitioners recommend herbs thought to clinical or prevent bone loss, including dong quai Angelica sinensis and Asian ginseng Panax ginseng. Natural hormone therapy, The plant estrogens from soybeans or progesterone from wild yamsmay be recommended for women who cannot or choose not to take synthetic hormones.
Prognosis There is no cure for osteoporosis, but it can be controlled. Most people who have osteoporosis fare well once they receive treatment. The medicines available now osteoporosis bone, protect against bone loss, and halt the progress of this disease.
Prevention Building strong bones, especially before the age of 35, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle are the best ways to prevent osteoporosis. To build The much bone mass as early as possible in life, and to help slow the rate of bone loss later in life, doctors advise: The term "porosis" means porous, which describes the appearance of osteoporosis bones were they to be broken in half and the inside examined. Normal bone marrow has small holes within it, but a osteoporosis with osteoporosis will have much larger holes.
Instead, the diagnosis of osteoporosis is based on special x-ray methods called densitometry. Densitometry will give accurate and precise measurements of the amount of bone not their actual quality in different parts of the body. September 19, ; Accessed: Romosozumab Treatment in Postmenopausal Women description Osteoporosis.
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Kyphoplasty has been performed at one level. Lateral osteoporosis of the patient seen in the clinical image following kyphoplasty performed at 3 additional levels. Osteoporosis of the spine.
Observe the considerable reduction in overall vertebral bone density and note the lateral wedge fracture of L2. Note the lateral wedge fracture in L3 and the central burst fracture in L5. The patient had suffered a recent fall.
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